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Pineapple or which has the Latin name Ananas comosus is one type of tropical fruit that has yellow flesh with a sweet acidity taste. The fruit, which originates from the mainland of Brazil, has a unique characteristic, which has long and pointed leaves and scaly rind. In Indonesia, pineapple was originally known as a yard plant, but with the development of public knowledge now pineapple plants have been cultivated and utilized as a processed material for various foods such as chips, jams, ingredients for making rujak, a mixture of cocktail or fruit ice to be eaten directly.
In addition to processed creations made from pineapple increasingly diverse, this pineapple fruit also has a variety of benefits. Pineapple contains high vitamin C, besides that there is also a content of the enzyme bromelain which serves to soften the meat and facilitate the process of digestion and absorption of food in the body. Besides pineapple is also believed effective in treating various diseases such as flu, hemorrhoids, nausea, urinary disorders, skin diseases to anemia. The variety of benefits and economic value that is quite good is what makes pineapple cultivation very profitable.
How to Cultivate Pineapple
Pineapple is one of the plants that can grow in dry or wet climates with high or low rainfall even though pineapple cultivation does not experience significant obstacles either related to land or weather problems. Pineapple can flourish at temperatures between 23-32 ° C with sunlight ranging from 33-71%. Even so, pineapple cultivation also cannot be carried out in any place, because the planting area must have a pH between 4.5-5.5 not to be less or more because it will interfere with plant growth. In addition, the best land for pineapple cultivation also tends to be loose soil, sandy loam and contain a lot of nutrients. In addition, during the planting period, the drainage system is also one of the determining factors in the success of pineapple cultivation. How do you complete growing this pineapple?
How to plant pineapple is not difficult, if you know the characteristics of plants and pineapple cultivation guidelines, and the following steps to plant pineapple fruit that is good and right:
• Nurseries
Nurseries are one of the main factors influencing the success of pineapple cultivation. Nurseries must be taken from healthy plants and free from a variety of pests and diseases, which include thick and full leaf characteristics and fresh colors. This nursery process can be done in two ways namely generatively and vegetatively. However, to speed up the fertilization process, vegetative seedlings will be faster and more profitable, including by using stem buds or by means of stem text.
 Nurseries with stem buds
For the process of nursery pineapple vegetatively with stem buds the first thing you have to do is to choose a parent plant that is fruiting or has been harvested, select stem buds measuring 30-35 cm. After finding a good bud, cut the leaves close to the base of the tree to reduce evaporation and facilitate seed removal. Next do the seeding using a poly bag and place it in the shade. And after the seedlings begin to grow, you can transfer them to the land that has been provided.
 Nurseries with stem cuttings
For stem cuttings, you can cut pineapple stems that have been harvested along the 2.5 cm. After that, divide the stems into 4 parts of the same length, and make sure each part has buds. Before planting the seedling cuttings first with a media that contains a mixture of sand and manure. Plant cuttings cuttings in seedling media until 3-5 months of age or after measuring 25-35 cm and during the seeding process do regular watering.
• Land preparation
Land preparation can be done at the beginning of the rainy season together with the seeding process. It is intended that the seeding and nursery processes can be completed simultaneously. The land preparation process is done by loosening, reversing the position of the land, and making air circulation to the ground by hoeing or plowing. The preparation of the planting land is done by preparing the following two things:
 Beds
The formation of these beds was chosen to facilitate the drainage system. These beds are made at the same time as the land management process, and are made with a width of about 80-120 cm, height 30-40 cm and the distance between each bed ranges from 90-150 cm.
 Calcification
Requirements for growing pineapple plants have a soil pH between 4.5-5.5. And to balance the pH level of the soil a step that can be taken is to do calcification. This calcification process is carried out using Calcit, Zeagro, Dolomite and other agricultural lime ingredients at a dose adjusted to

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