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Soybeans are a type of legume plant that is widely used as a raw material for various processed foods such as soy sauce, tempeh, tofu, milk and other processed foods. Considering the various benefits and very high protein content, soybeans are one of the most popular food crops. Besides being rich in benefits, soybeans also have very good business prospects with high economic value, especially the people's need for soybean ingredients also continues to increase.
In Indonesia, soybeans are generally cultivated in paddy fields, fields or home yards considering that soybean plants can grow on various types of soil with good drainage systems. Even soybean plants can also be grown on barren land, with conditions for providing agricultural lime, and organic fertilizers to meet their nutritional needs. Basically soybeans can flourish in areas that have rainfall of 100-200 mm / month with temperatures ranging from 25-27 ° C even though these soybean plants can also grow to a maximum temperature of 45 ° C. And this ideal soybean cultivation is planted at an altitude of 0-900 masl.
Planting Soybeans with Hydroponic Taknik
Hydroponic planting techniques have long been developed for agriculture, especially in urban areas that have limited agricultural land. Various types of plants can also be developed with this hydroponic technique, from vegetables to legumes such as soybeans. For quality, this hydroponic planting technique is not inferior to planting techniques in open land, even this hydroponic technique is considered more effective and can show different planting arts.
There are several techniques for planting plants with a hydroponic system that can be done, which among others is by utilizing the water pool area with a buffer, by utilizing the perforated pipe media to planting using polybags to bottles or used containers. The first thing to pay attention to this planting technique is to meet the needs of light, oxygen to good water circulation. And here's how to grow hydroponic soybeans that you can do at home:
• Preparation of seeds
For how to plant hydroponic soybeans the hatchery process can be carried out by the following steps:
• Selection of seeds
The selection of seeds must be chosen from the ideal, healthy and free of pests. Selection of these seeds will greatly affect the quality of soybean plants. To get superior soybean seeds you can now buy them at farm shops.
• Seed seeding
For hydroponic planting techniques, seeding is indeed one way to do it. The seeding process can be done by using a seedling container that is quite large with rockwool seedling media that is very practical, sterile and has high water absorption. After the soybean seeds are old enough or have approximately 4 leaves, you can start transferring them to the planting media provided.
• Preparation of planting media
For this hydroponic planting place you can use used containers or used bottles, pipes to wooden boards designed for hydroponic planting. For the planting media you can use a mixture of roasted husks and gravel sand. If there are difficulties, you can also use gravel sand with rockwool which is more practical and place it in the container you choose as a soybean planting container.
• Planting
After the soybean seeds are old enough, you can move the seeds to the planting media that you have provided. For planting, you move the seeds carefully so as not to damage the roots that have been formed. After planting is finished, water the plants to provide moisture to the plants.
For the treatment of hydroponic planting techniques it is very different from conventional system planting techniques. This hydroponic technique is much easier and simpler compared to conventional soybean planting which must carry out routine maintenance such as pruning, cleaning weeds, soaring and so on. Given the risk of pests and diseases in hydroponic plants is lower then for your treatment only enough to maintain fertilizer needs and watering plants. Fertilizing soybean plants is the same as fertilizing conventionally planted soybean plants at the beginning of planting, after 25 days of planting and when the soybean plants are 40-45 days after planting.
The type of fertilizer that you can use to maintain the fertility of these soybean plants is urea and manure. As for watering, you can do it every day to maintain plant stress, but keep in mind that watering should not be excessive, because soybeans cannot grow in media that is too muddy. And finally place your hydroponic soybean plants in a place that can be exposed to sunlight to maintain growth.
• Harvesting
You can start harvesting when t

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